沙溪戏台会馆
四联村段家登
沙溪, 云南, 671302, China
+86 872 4722 296

石宝山

从沙溪徒步游览古代佛教石窟

  • Shaxi shibaoshan Temple - Shaxi Old Theatre Inn tours

石宝山位于沙溪北方10公里处,是国务院首批公布的全国44处重点风景名胜区之一,是大理风景名胜区重要的组成部分。石宝山又名峰顶山,海拔3628米,东西跨距7.7公里,南北跨距2.45公里。由照壁山、大黑山、石宝山等三个主山峰组成。山中建有玉皇阁、太子阁、水云居、石宝寺等殿宇。石宝山为丹霞地貌,球状风化石形成的奇峰异石如钟、如箭、如狮、如象,高者成崖,错落有致,别具一格。石钟山分布在石钟寺、狮子关、沙登村三个地区,系南诏时期白族所创造的艺术瑰宝,也是云南现存规模最大、保存较完好的石窟群,是国家第一批重点文物保护单位,共有16窟浮雕造像139躯,为南诏、大理国时期的雕刻艺术,距今已有一千多年历史。

乘坐迷你巴士大约40分钟即可到达石宝山景区,但徒步进入这一遍布庙宇的美丽地区会是更好的选择。在公路的113公里处(经过一处加油站),左转(向西)进入土路,大约20分钟后可以到达石宝山景区南部边缘,步行2小时即可到达石钟寺,门票50元。这一区域的游人稀少,如果想游遍所有美丽的风景,即便是活力充沛的旅行者也需要将近3天的时间。

石钟山石窟

  • 5Shibaoshan-Shizhongsi-Grottoes

石钟山上有三处石窟群。其中石钟寺区八窟,狮子关区三窟,沙登村区六窟。三十区域共造像139尊。这些石像,均雕刻在红砂石上,以南诏国的发展历史 为主要内容,构造了一幅生动的南诏历史画卷。

在南诏200多年的历史中,功绩特别显著的3位王者在石窟中均有雕像。石钟山石窟的139尊像中,除南诏历史 人物雕像外,还有释逸牟尼、八大明王等佛教造像和反映人们日常生活的樵夫、老翁、琴师、童子以及女性生殖器雕像,这些雕像,栩栩如生,充满民间生活气息。

石钟山石窟的开造年代,上迄南诏(唐),下至大理国(宋),至今已有1000多年的历史,是云南最早的石窟。这一石窟群所具有的历史、科学和艺术价值,已 被越来越多的人所重视,特别是那座中国唯一的女性生殖器(白族语叫阿盎白)雕塑,竟然出现在以佛像、王者像为主题的雕像群中,这引起了联合国有关学者专家 的极大关注。学者认为这反映了白族母系氏族的传统。如今,仍有当地女性来这里祈求生育与顺利分娩。

宝相寺

  • Shizhongsi waterfall, Shaxi China

宝相寺又名石宝寺,因建筑奇险,被誉为“云南的悬空寺”。为明正统年间所建,初为道观,后来佛教兴盛,除玉皇阁外,大多庙宇均祭佛像,成为一个佛道合流的场所。寺建在佛顶山高耸险峻的悬崖上,令人目眩,寺坐西朝东,进山门而至天王殿,大雄宝殿均层层升高,弥勒殿与玉皇阁则凌空建造在崖内,需从左右攀岩扶壁方能到达。

宝相寺的景观很有特点。它以寺附崖窟,高峻险奇,令人难以忘怀。山腹的大殿依崖而建,每到雨天,山水四漫、飞瀑直下,直落寺前天井。如遇晴天,则蓝天白云石势惊天。最好选择一个游人较少的日子,来这里欣赏美景及石刻。从宝相寺进入,经通明阁到达金顶寺,登上99级石阶欣赏日出美景,然后沿小路向北前往蝙蝠洞和海云居。这里的寺庙周边有很多猕猴,你可以邀请他们分享你的午餐.

海云居-尼姑庵

  • Shaxi Shibaoshan temple ceremony - Hai Yun Ju nunnery - Shaxi Old Theatre Inn tours - Yunnan China

The Hai Yun Ju Nunnery (海云居) dates back over 800 years to the end of the Song Dynasty and features many sacred rooms, shrines and intact buildings. It is not listed on the tourist maps but is well worth an hour's visit at least. There are rooms for accommodation, a vegetarian kitchen serving simple meals and a garden where much of the food is grown. The Nunnery does not have resident nuns, but some will come for festivals and events to chant prayers. Hai Yun Ju is looked after by elder Bai women, mostly from Shilong Village nearby, who keep the candles and incense burning while a few men keep track of donations. The caretakers are all very friendly and will invite visitors to have tea or a meal.

In the main hall is a 6 meter white jade Buddha from Burma who pilgrims come to worship from far away.

海云居-尼姑庵幻灯片

  • Shaxi Shibaoshan temple offerings - Hai Yun Ju - Shaxi Yunnan China
  • Shaxi Shibaoshan temple graves - Hai Yun Ju - Shaxi Yunnan China
  • Shaxi Shibaoshan temple offerings - Hai Yun Ju - Yunnan China
  • Shaxi Shibaoshan temple ceremony - Hai Yun Ju nunnery - Shaxi Old Theatre Inn tours - Yunnan China
  • Shaxi Shibaoshan temple ceremony - Hai Yun Ju nunnery - Shaxi Old Theatre Inn tours
  • Shaxi Shibaoshan temple ceremony - Hai Yun Ju - Shaxi Yunnan China
  • Shaxi Vegetarian lunch at Shibaoshan nunnery

沙溪石宝山地图

  • Shaxi Shibaoshan map - Shaxi Old Theatre Inn tours - Yunnan China